Fischer Black Prize是美国金融学会2003年设立的奖项，两年一评，颁发给40岁以下最杰出的美国金融学家。截止2015年已经有6位获奖人（2005年获奖人空缺）。
The Fischer Black Prize honors the memory of Fischer Black, formerly a General Partner at Goldman Sachs and Professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, whose seminal research included the development (with Myron Scholes) of the widely applied Black-Scholes Option Pricing Model. The prize was established in 2002 and honors individual financial research. It is awarded for a body of work that best exemplifies the Fischer Black hallmark of developing original research that is relevant to finance practice. The winner must either be under age 40, or under age 45 for a winner who had not been awarded a Ph.D. (or equivalent) by age 35. The prize is awarded biennially at the Association's Annual Meeting.
Raghuram Rajan本科毕业于著名的印度理工学院，1991年获得MIT管理学院金融学博士学位，之后一直任教于芝加哥大学商学院，现为Eric J. Gleacher Distinguished Service Professor of Finance（on leave）。2003-2006Rajan担任IMF的首席经济学家，之后他担任印度总理及财政部的经济顾问。2013年9月4日开始，Raghuram Rajan担任第23任印度中央银行行长。
Raghuram Rajan的研究主页： http://faculty.chicagobooth.edu/raghuram.rajan/index.html
The prize, modeled along the lines of the Fields Medal in mathematics and the Clark Medal in economics, will be awarded biannually to recognize outstanding contributions to the field of finance by a person under age 40. The prize was established in honor of Fischer Black, who was a co-inventor of the Nobel-prize winning Black-Scholes-Merton options-pricing model.
Rajan received the honor while attending the American Finance Association’s annual meeting on Jan. 4, in Washington, D.C.
In announcing the award in January, George Constantinides, the Leo Melamed Professor of Finance in the GSB and chairman of the prize selection committee, said the committee unanimously chose Rajan.
“Broadly speaking, Rajan’s work examines the role of institutions in finance and their effects on economic growth,” said Constantinides. “Specifically, he has made path-breaking contributions to our knowledge of financial institutions, the workings of the modern corporation, and the causes and consequences of the development of the financial sector across countries.”
Rajan’s Ph.D. thesis pointed out the downside to cozy bank-firm relationships long before these became apparent in detailed studies of systems like Japan’s. His recent theoretical work with Douglas Diamond, the Merton H. Miller Distinguished Service Professor of Finance in the GSB, knits together the microtheory of banking with macroeconomic theory. Their research promotes greater understanding of the role banks play in the provision of liquidity, why this function makes banks so prone to systemic crises, and why changes in monetary policy have such a significant effect on bank lending.
Rajan’s current work with Luigi Zingales, the Robert C. McCormack Professor of Entrepreneurship and Finance in the GSB, details the importance of a good financial system for economic growth. In their forthcoming book, Saving Capitalism from the Capitalists, Rajan and Zingales argue that the reason why so many countries have underdeveloped financial systems despite their undoubted importance is because of the political opposition of elites who fear freeing up access to finance.
Rajan has been a member of the GSB faculty since 1991. He received a B.Tech in electrical engineering from the Indian Institute of Technology in Delhi in 1985; an M.B.A. from the Indian Institute of Management in Ahmedabad in 1987; and a Ph.D. from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1991.